illustrations Shun Iwasawa
The Robotics and the Living Concepts and Design of Intelligent Systems, Contribution of Enaction, Cybernetics and Complex Systems
"The organization, the organized thing, the action to organize, and the result are inseparable".
Abstract:Intelligent systems require a body to interact with the environment depending on the context. This apparently simple proposal has strong implications for the understanding of living organisms in their complexity, but also for anyone who wants to design robots closer to living organisms in the way they operate.
In biology, sensory and motor information is integrated with both the morphology of the sensors and the physiology of the musculo-skeletal system, this integration is called "Simplexity" by Alain Berthoz. Simplexity also corresponds to the idea of reentry that perception is based on the act, rather than the action.
In robotics and AI, the idea that the physical structure (physical) and the function that underlies it (the computational processes) are connected is formulated by Rolf Pfeifer with the concept of "morphological computation". Recent developments in new materials, sensors and actuators closest to human tissue, human sensory receptors and to human physiology will make possible a new bio-inspired robotics.
Generally, spontaneous pattern formation is random and repetitive, whereas elaborate devices are the deterministic product of human design. Yet, biological organisms and collective insect constructions are striking counter-examples of complex systems that are both self-organized *and* architectural. René Doursat will present a new field of research, "Morphogenetic Engineering", exploring the computational abilities and programmability of self-organization -- properties which are often underappreciated in complex systems science, while, conversely, self-organization is mostly absent from engineering methodologies. Similarly, René Doursat will also ask how neural populations can support the emergence of spatiotemporal dynamical "objects" made of myriads of correlated electrophysiological signals -- not unlike other collective biological phenomena. "Neuron flocking", for its part, must happen in phase space and across a complex network topology: Can we characterize the "shapes" and composition laws of these mind states, upon which high-level symbolic processing can ultimately rest?
In cognitive sciences, Kevin O'Regan suggest that it is the sensorimotor contingencies and our action in the world that can permit us to perceive things through our body. The incarnation of perceptual activity means, at the same time, the structure and form of the living body plays a key role in the dynamics of interpersonal interaction. For Charles Lenay, our consideration of the body of others (the body image that everyone gives to the perception of its partners) can propose ways of original explanation of the recognition of others or of imitative expressions.
The counterpart of this research is the work of Nicolas Rougier in computational neuroscience, studying in particular the interaction between the brain, body and environment and offers an epistemological break in the concept model. Similarly, Philippe Gaussier offers computational neuroscience models for social and developmental robotics, or how neuronal dynamics and behaviors emerge from interaction of the robot in its physical and social environment.
Around the themes presented in "Simplexity" Alain Berthoz (2009, Odile Jacob), "Why Red Does Not Sound Like a Bell" Kevin O'Regan (2011, Oxford UP), "Darwin" Charles Lenay (1999, Belles Lettres), "la Révolution de l'Intelligence du Corps" of Rolf Pfeifer and Alex Pitti (2012, Manuella Editions) and "Morphogenetic Engineering" Rene Doursat et al. (2012, Springer) and et "Cognitive Morphodynamics" Jean Petitot and René Doursat (2011, Peter Lang), this meeting will attempt to bring together ideas from biology, biologically-inspired robotics, cognitive sciences, and the approach of complex systems with multi-agent systems and computational neuroscience.
Where:Université de Cergy-Pontoise, Site Saint-Martin
When:Monday December, the 9th
Program:This conference will be podcasted live on internet @ www.ximinds.com with possibility to ask questions to the speakers.
09.00 - 09.20: welcome: Alex Pitti & Manuella Vaney
09.20 - 10.10: Talk 1: Nicolas Rougier - "How embodiment redefines the limits of the model and the role of the observer" [live video]
10.10 - 11.00: Talk 2: Charles Lenay - "Engagement corporel pour les interactions sociales : approche minimaliste" [live video]
11.00 - 11.20: coffee & tea break
11.20 - 12.10: Talk 3: Rolf Pfeifer - "Soft robotics" - the next generation of intelligent machines [live video]
12.10 - 13.00: Talk 4: Alain Berthoz - "Simplexity : principles for the brain and for robots" [live video]
13.00 - 14.30: lunch
14.30 - 15.20: Talk 5: Kevin O'Regan - "Making robots that really feel" [live video]
15.20 - 16.10: Talk 6: René Doursat - "Morphogenesis in Space and Time: How Cells Self-Assemble into Bodies and Neurons Synchronize into Minds" [live video]
16.10 - 16.30: coffee & tea break
16.30 - 17.20: Talk 7: Philippe Gaussier - Neuro-robotics [live video]
Where where where: more info in this page